Dietrich Bonhoeffer was a German pastor, theologian and an anti-Nazi dissident.
While literally almost everyone in Germany before and during WW2 were a supporter of Hitler and of Nazism, whether actively or passively, Dietrich was one of the very few and rare vocal anti Nazi dissidents.
From the first days of the Nazi accession to power in 1933, Bonhoeffer was involved in protests against the regime, especially against its anti-Semitism. Bonhoeffer became a leading spokesman for the Confessing Church, the center of German Protestant resistance to the Nazi regime.
He did not stop there and personally saved Jews by helping them reach neutral Switzerland.
Dietrich always knew that he would one day have to pay the price for his conviction and protest and that day came in 1943 when he was arrested by the SS over his links to a plot to overthrow, and later to assassinate, Hitler.
Due to his opposition to the Nazi regime, Bonhoeffer was arrested and executed at the Flossian concentration camp in 1945, during the last month of the war.
He remains an important symbol of opposition to Hitler, and his views on Christianity increasingly influential.
His writings on Christianity's role in the secular world have become widely influential, and his book The Cost of Discipleship has become a modern classic.