George Orwell (Born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, in 1903) was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic most famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949).
"1984", which was written as a warning against Fascist and Communist totalitarian regimes, can easily refer to today's modern western societies.
Today we are witnessing the stamping out of the capacity for individual thought and freedom, not merely by physical force but by a complete denial of privacy and by the control of all information, even to the extent of policing the language in which thoughts are expressed.
"Political correctness", "government spying", "Hate speech", "War on terror", "No privacy" the stupification and dumbing down of society as a whole, and many other things which we take for granted today and which are part of our lives, eerily reflect many "1984" ideas and themes.
We do not yet live in an Orwellian world, but Orwellian concepts are already part of our society, culture and day to day life.
It's true that present times are not as terrible as the dystopian vision of society Orwell wrote about almost 70 years ago, but it's getting there, slowly but surely.