Saddam Hussein was a brutal, genocidal, dictator who commited many crimes, but he was also a former unofficial US ally, which supported and sanctioned his crimes and brutalities because it served US interests in the region.
Saddam first rise to power happened in 1963, when a CIA coup in Iraq ousted the existing government of General Abdel Karim Kassem, and bought the Ba'ath party, Saddam being a prominent party member and later its leader, into power.
In 1980, encouraged and supported by the US, Saddam Hussein started the Iran-Iraq war which lasted for almost eight years and claimed the lives of over a million dead Iranians and Iraqis.
The Reagan Administration secretly decided to provide highly classified intelligence to Iraq in the spring of 1982 while also permitting the sale of American-made arms to Baghdad.
US officials acknowledged that American arms, technology and intelligence helped Iraq to become, with much help from the Soviet Union later, into a regional power.
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein greets Donald Rumsfeld, then special envoy of President Ronald Reagan, in Baghdad on December 20, 1983.
Saddams's most atrocious crime was the genocide of the Kurdish population of northern Iraq, between 1986 and 1989.
Following a Kurdish insurgency which numbered a few thousands of fighters, Saddam sent 200,000 troops into northern Iraq.
He destroyed approximately 4,500 Kurdish villages and displaced at least a million of the country's estimated 3.5 million Kurdish population.
He also executed, gassed and starved up to 180,000 Kurds, most of whom were innocent civilians who had nothing to do with the insurgency.
The U.S. knew full well that Hussein launched some of the worst chemical attacks in history - on his own people - and still did not stop shipments of US weapons to Iraq.
A monument in memory of the victims of a chemical weapons attack on the town of Halabja.
In 1990, Saddam Hussein actually asked the US administration, led by George H. W. Bush, what would be their response if he invaded Kuwait.
Saddam, which was an unofficial ally of the US in those days, was told that the US had no problems with it what so ever and was effectivley given a green light to invade Kuwait.
Several months later the US would use Saddam's invasion of Kuwait as an excuse to declare war on Iraq.
Iraqi troops invading Kuwait 1990.
In 2003 following the 9/11 attacks, George W Bush declared war on Iraq and invaded it. The justification of the Bush administration for the invasion were that Saddam was helping and funding Al Qaeda and Bin Laden and that he had weapons of mass destruction.
Both claims, that were pumped 24/7 by the US and world media brainwash both US and world audiences, and turned out to be complete lies which were based on nothing.
Since the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the sectarian violence that followed it until this very day it is estimated that at least hundreds of thousands of Iraqis have lost their lives.
The reason why the Saddam's trial was held under Iraqi auspices rather than in the International Criminal Court was, as Kenneth Roth, the executive director of Human Rights Watch, told the New York Times in 2004 :
'It's to protect their own dirty laundry... The U.S. wants to keep the trial focused on Saddam's crimes and not on their acquiescence.''
And never forget that the illegal and criminal US invasion of Iraq in 2003, was the event that set in motion a chain of events that destabilized the whole middle east, gave rise to extreme terrorist organizations like ISIS, which fed on the secterian conflict which insued in the post Saddam Iraq, and turned Mesopotamia into Mess-o-potamia.